2008 was the first time a major news source had decided to report on [pharmaceutical drugs in your drinking water] — thus bringing it the forefront of debate. Government regulators and mainstream scientists, however, were able to push the story off the radar by claiming, “Yes, there are pharmaceutical drugs in the water, but at levels so low that they present no threat to the public at large.” And unfortunately, although we had strong reason to believe the government argument wasn’t true, we had little data to support the contention. Well, now it’s it’s time to take another look, because now we have new data to look at.
History of pharmaceutical drugs in drinking water
As we’ve discussed previously, there are somewhere around 3,000 pharmaceutical drugs in common use. These include:
- Cold medications
- Cholesterol drugs
- Birth control pills
- Heart medications
- And highly, highly toxic chemotherapy drugs
Residues of these drugs pass out into the sewage system from your urine, fecal matter, and even from your sink after you rinse out your dispensing cup. And of course, this list doesn’t include non-pharmaceuticals such as all of the lotions and potions and cosmetics that wash off when you bathe or shower — or an entire world of over-the-counter drugs.
Quite simply it is impossible for sewage facilities to remove all trace of the drugs from the water they treat.
In some districts the treated water, still containing traces of the pharmaceuticals, goes back immediately into the public water supply and into your home. In other communities it is dumped into rivers as “clean” water for the drugs to be picked up downstream by the next community’s municipal water supply. Or in some cases, the drug laden water makes its way down into aquifers to be pumped up later as somebody’s well water.
Then again, that’s the best case scenario. In many communities, sewage pipes leak or septic tanks overflow, which releases untreated water directly into the environment, with these drugs at their highest concentration so they can make their way into local water tables. Then of course, the residue of many of these drugs, in the form of used bottles and vials, make their way “full strength” into landfills — only to then leach down into underground water resources or “run off” into lakes and rivers. And in some parts of the world, the U.S. included, untreated water is sometimes dumped directly into rivers and streams. Inevitably, then, these drugs make their way back to us in our drinking water.
It was in the 1970’s that pharmaceutical drug residues were first detected in our waterways. But the common thinking of bureaucratic legislators was that the amounts were so low that they couldn’t possibly have any impact on overall health; and besides, in an age when dead fish were a common sight floating in rivers, when other rivers burned,(1) and people wrote popular songs about “dirty water,” (2) why would anyone worry about pharmaceutical drugs present in amounts measured in the billionths of a gram per quart/liter of water?
Unfortunately, despite government denials of any danger, there were canaries in the coal mine — animal warnings that indicated something might be very wrong.
For example, there was the U.S. Geological Survey in 2006 that found that large numbers of small mouth bass in the Potomac River were found to be abnormally inter-sexed. That is, the same fish displayed both male and female sexual characteristics. (3) Not nice. Or the 2007 study out of Canada that found that male fish were being feminized by the traces of birth control pills that made their way into lakes and streams. (4) And then, of course, for those who think that animal studies don’t necessarily relate to humans, there was the apparent doubling in the frequency of undescended testis in England and Wales in 1962-81. (5) Or the studies that have found that the age of puberty in young girls keeps dropping year by year. (6) At one time, it averaged 15-16. It’s now running at 7-8 — and with more and more girls showing signs of puberty as early as age three!! (7)
There are many toxins in water including pesticides, heavy metals, and industrial waste; but pharmaceutical drugs are particularly worrisome because of their affinity for human beings. In point of fact, they are designed with that in mind — to specifically react with human tissue. That’s why even trace amounts of pharmaceuticals in drinking water supplies are such a threat.
Don’t look to governments for help in the near term
Although governments are aware of the problem (Europe first identified clofibric acid, a cholesterol-lowering drug, in groundwater in the early 1990’s), no effective regulations exist for removing the threat. And even those regulations that exist, as weak as they are, are rarely enforced. To make matters worse, the current economic environment makes any strong enforcement unlikely for the foreseeable future.
Ozonation, reverse osmosis, distillation, and charcoal filters can all remove at least 80% of pharmaceutical contaminants if used at the local level in your house, but are only about 50% effective with the large volumes of water seen at municipal water plants,(8) and they are expensive.
Keep in mind that worldwide some $800 billion in drugs are sold each year. That’s a heck of a lot of residual drug waste running down our drains and toilets and into our environment. But even worse, that’s a heck of a lot of financial profit for the pharmaceutical companies that can be used to influence world leaders to not “overact” when it comes to regulating their interests. And it’s not just the pharmaceutical companies. All industry fights expensive pollution controls. Elected officials simply cannot overcome these forces. But it’s not just elected officials; after all, we see the same, or higher, levels of environmental pollution in China.
Someday public outrage will be strong enough to assert itself over political inertia, but that day is not today. Which brings us to the latest study, which at least moves us closer to that day.
Research published in BMJ Open strongly suggests that there may be a link between synthetic estrogen from oral contraceptives (OC) that has found its way into the environment and the rising rate of prostate cancer among men around the world. (9) It should be noted that the study did not “prove” a cause and effect relationship. It merely demonstrated an extremely strong statistical relationship.
The researchers analyzed multiple forms of contraception including intrauterine devices, condoms, vaginal barriers, and the pill as they were used in 87 different countries. They then compared the usage of those contraceptives against the incidence and mortality rates from prostate cancer. As the lead author, David Margel, a urologist and fellow in uro-oncology said, “Looking at these percentages, we find a strong correlation between female use of oral contraceptives at a population level and both new cases of prostate cancer and mortality from prostate cancer. This was not found among other contraceptive modes.”
As a further clarification, he stated, “What we found was that in countries where the oral contraceptive was used more often, prostate cancer had a greater incidence.” While the amount of estrogen excreted by any single individual is extremely small, “when millions of women are doing it and for a long period of time, it may cause low environmental estrogen levels,” Dr. Margel explained.
The bottom line is that the study certainly raises concerns and warrants further investigation.
Deliberately adding pharmaceutical drugs to water
And now there’s a potentially new wrinkle in the fabric of health when it comes to pharmaceutical drugs in our drinking water. Some doctors have been suggesting that it might be a good idea to add statin drugs to the public water supply to improve general health. For example, one of Northern Ireland’s top heart experts, Professor Mahendra Varma, called for them to be put in Northern Ireland’s water supply. (12) As a consulting cardiologist, he has long believed “everyone” should be taking a statin as a preventative measure to keep cholesterol levels down — something he says would lower the devastating rates of heart disease and stroke, two of Northern Ireland’s biggest killers.
The call to add statin drugs to the water supply is made half in jest — to make a point. However, if something is “half” in jest, then the other half is not. There’s an element of seriousness to it. Dr. Varma didn’t just say it once. He has repeatedly stated that he believes “everyone” should be taking a statin drug as a preventative measure despite the fact that studies have shown that doing so does not add one single day to your life.
In an example of life imitating insanity, in 2010, the FDA authorized AstraZeneca to sell its product Crestor to a potential new market of 6.5 million people, none of whom actually have cholesterol or heart problems. (You read that correctly — no problems, no symptoms!) That’s because the company got the FDA to agree that Crestor, a statin drug, could be sold as a preventative measure. The trigger for the approval was the “highly touted” international Jupiter Cohort Study, which happened to be paid for by AstraZeneca.
Any action on the issue is far from imminent and far less frightening than some of the fear mongers would have you believe. In fact, once you take a closer look, you find that almost all of these articles are actually the same original misinformation published and republished over and over. (16,17) Nevertheless, based on past history, how much of a stretch is it to believe that government regulators might “someday” seriously consider authorizing the addition of statin drugs to the water supply — especially when you consider that they’ve already given approval to add another highly toxic substance to the water supply for dubious health benefits?
Yes, that is fluoride for the prevention of dental caries. As with statin drugs, the claims for any health benefits for fluoride turn out to be rather dubious at best, while at the same time, its harmful side effects are well documented. All it takes is a politician in power who believes he can score points with the electorate, along with a small financial incentive from a pharmaceutical lobbyist, to decide the time is right to mandate adding statin drugs to the water supply. Sometimes, as in Texas with Rick Perry mandating Gardasil, the public uproar overturns the decision. (18) But other times, as with fluoridation, it does not.
The presence of pharmaceutical drugs in the water is a very real issue. We don’t have to deal in hypothetical fear mongering, at least for the present, about concerns that governments may be deliberately adding statin drugs or antidepressants to our water.
There is a clear and present danger that we already face with all of these drugs, and a whole host of others, already present in our water supply as a result of them accidentally making their way into our drinking water.
We don’t have to wait for clear, irrefutable evidence that these drugs may be harmful even in trace amounts. Such evidence is likely to be 10 to 20 years down the road. We already have enough red flags, canaries in the coal mine, to take all necessary precautions immediately. How many intersex fish do you need to see? How many studies statistically connecting prostate cancer to oral contraceptives in the water are required for you to act — especially when action is so simple?
- Clean up your water at the tap and in the bath
- Detox regularly
Health-e-Solutions comment: This is an issue that deserves more research, which I doubt the drug companies will be willing to do. The tremendous surge in pharmaceuticals should demand more safety research, but the cozy relationship between governmental oversight agencies and the drug companies, not to mention the lack of funding streams outside of drug companies, will make this a difficult reality to achieve. Cleaning up our own personal water as best we can should be part of a healthy natural lifestyle adjustment for those concerned about long term health and wellbeing. It is also possible these pollutants have a triggering effect in chronic, autoimmune diseases such as type 1 diabetes.
- Chapel Hill Fiddler. “The Cuyahoga River Fire of 1969.” 16 March 2005. Pratie Place. (Accessed 22 Jan 2012.) http://pratie.blogspot.com/2005/03/cuyahoga-river-fire-of-1969.html
- The Standells. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kqKHqWaTv9g
- “Summary of U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Information Related to the Intersex Characteristics of Fish in the Potomac Watershed.” USGS. 4 Oct 2006. http://chesapeake.usgs.gov/feature/fishhealthWWWfeature.pdf
- John Roach. “Sex-Changing Chemicals Can Wipe Out Fish, Study Shows.” National Geographic News. May 21, 2007. (Accessed 22 Jan 2007.) http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2007/05/070521-sex-fish.html
- Clair Chilvers , D. Forman , M.C. Pike , K. Fogelman , M.E.J. Wadsworth. “Apparent Doubling of Frequency of Undescended Testis in England and Wales in 1962-81.” I, Volume 324, Issue 8398, Pages 330 – 332, 11 August 1984 http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(84)92697-7/abstract
- Frank M. Biro, Maida P. Galvez, Louise C. Greenspan, Paul A. Succop, et al. “Pubertal Assessment Method and Baseline Characteristics in a Mixed Longitudinal Study of Girls.” Pediatrics Vol. 126 No. 3 September 1, 2010 pp. e583 -e590. http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/126/3/e583.full
- Grete Teilmann, Carsten B. Pedersen, Tina Kold Jensen, et al. “Prevalence and Incidence of Precocious Pubertal Development in Denmark: An Epidemiologic Study Based on National Registries.” PEDIATRICS Vol. 116 No. 6 December 1, 2005 pp. 1323 -1328. http://www.pediatricsdigest.mobi/content/116/6/1323.full
- Mompelat S, Thomas O, Le Bot B. “Contamination levels of human pharmaceutical compounds in French surface and drinking water.” J Environ Monit. 2011 Oct 4;13(10):2929-39. Epub 2011 Sep 12. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21912785
- David Margel, Neil E Fleshner. “Oral contraceptive use is associated with prostate cancer: an ecological study.” BMJ Open 2011;1:e000311. http://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/1/2/e000311.full
- “United Nations World Contraceptive Use, 2007.” http://www.un.org/esa/population/publications/contraceptive2007/WallChart_WCU2007_Data
- Schlaberg R, Choe DJ, Brown KR, et al. “XMRV is present in malignant prostatic epithelium and is associated with prostate cancer, especially high-grade tumors.” Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2009;106:16351–6. http://www.pnas.org/content/106/38/16351.full
- JOHN NAISH. “Why taking statins might be pointless – and even bad for you.” 22 December 2010. Mail Online. (Accessed 25 Jan 2012.) http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-1340299/Why-taking-statins-pointless–bad-you.html
- George Lundberg. “Should We Put Statins in the Water Supply?” 10 Jan 2011. Medpage Today. (Accessed 25 Jan 2012.) http://www.medpagetoday.com/Columns/At-Large/24259
- “Do statins have a role in primary prevention? An update.” Therapeutics Letter Issue 77 / Mar – Apr 2010. http://www.ti.ubc.ca/letter77
- Paul Joseph Watson. “Health Authorities Want Depression-Causing Drugs Added To Water Supply.” 10 Jan 2011. Alex Jones’ Infowars. http://www.infowars.com/health-authorities-want-depression-causing-drugs-added-to-water-supply/
- Annie. “Health Authorities Want Depression-Causing Drugs Added To Water Supply.” February 15, 2011. Health Freedom Alliance. (Accessed 25 Jan 2012.) http://healthfreedoms.org/2011/02/15/health-authorities-want-depression-causing-drugs-added-to-water-supply-2/
- Steven Ertelt. “Rick Perry Admits Mistake on Gardasil-HPV Vaccine Decision.” 15 Aug 2011. LifeNews.com (Accessed 25 Jan 2012.) http://www.lifenews.com/2011/08/15/rick-perry-admits-mistake-on-gardasil-hpv-vaccine-decision/