Kidneys, Creatinine, Type 1 Diabetes: According to the National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse (NKUDIC), diabetes accounts for more than 43 percent of the more than 100,000 cases of kidney failure reported annually in the U.S. Most people associate type 2 diabetes with kidney disease, but type 1 diabetes can have the same deleterious effects.
High creatinine level is commonly seen among people with type 1 diabetes, especially those with a long medical history. Creatinine is a waste product created by the normal breakdown of muscle during activity and deposited in the blood. If your kidneys are functioning properly the creatinine will be filtered out of the blood and into the urine. If your kidneys are not working properly then they are unable to properly filter the creatinine out of the blood and into the urine. The amount of creatinine build up in your blood helps determine the amount of kidney function. Elevated creatinine level indicates serious kidney damage.
Why does type 1 diabetes cause high creatinine level?
Kidneys are composed of millions of tiny blood vessels with even tinier holes in them that act as filters. As blood flows through the tiny blood vessels, small waste products such as creatinine will squeeze through the holes and will filtered out of body in urine. Meanwhile, useful substances, such as proteins will be kept in body.
However, in type 1 diabetes, if blood sugar is poorly controlled (hyperglycemia) , it can make the kidneys filter too much blood. The extra workload can make the kidneys exhausted. Over time, the kidneys will fail progressively and fail to filter blood adequately. As a result, a large amount of wastes such as creatinine, urea, etc. builds up in blood leading to an elevated creatinine level. Also, the worn kidneys start to leak and useful protein is lost in the urine. As a result, proteinuria will occur.
How to lower high creatinine level in type 1 diabetes
- Control blood sugar level – Tight control of blood sugar can relieve workload on tiny blood vessels in kidneys remarkably. It can delay renal function decline. In early stage of diabetes near-normal blood sugar control can even reverse kidney damage completely.
- Control high blood pressure – Blood pressure has a dramatic effect on the rate at which the disease progresses. Even a mild rise in blood pressure can worsen renal function significantly. Some ways to lower high blood pressure include losing weight, quitting alcohol and tobacco and getting regular exercise.
- Low-protein diet – A low-protein diet can decrease protein loss in the urine and increase protein levels in the blood. It can reduce strain on kidneys effectively. The structure of protein is more complex than fats and carbohydrates. It takes longer to break down, and if you are experiencing kidney problems, it is even more taxing.
- Dialysis – If kidneys fail, dialysis will be used to keep patients with type 1 diabetes alive. It can help remove wastes in body and lower high creatinine levels. However, most people on dialysis can experience a variety of serious health problems such as bone disease, muscle cramps, infection, heart problem, etc. While dialysis can lower creatinine and prolong life for many patients, their life expectancy is still much less than that for the general population.
10 Ways to preserve and promote kidney health
Our kidneys, among our most important organs, are efficient filtration systems relying heavily on water to assist them in carrying away waste. Perhaps our kidney’s largest enemy in its blood purification mission is dehydration. High blood pressure and diabetes are only right behind dehydration as enemies of our kidneys. Other major threats to kidney health are excessive alcohol consumption, smoking, excessive caffeine and stimulant intake, and uncontrolled blood sugar.
In addition to controlling blood pressure, blood sugar and a low protein diet mentioned above, here are some additional way to preserve and promote kidney health:
- Ketogenic diet – A specialized low-carbohydrate eating regimen called the ketogenic diet may help reverse kidney damage in people who have type 1 diabetes or type 2 diabetes, according to a recent study published in the journal PLoS ONE. The study’s results showed that kidney damage was reversed among mice that were fed the specialized diet, while the health status of the other group that consumed standard high-carbohydrate food remained unchanged. The Health-e-Solutions lifestyle is mildly ketogenic.
- Stay well hydrated – Drink 1 liter of slightly alkaline water per 30 pounds of body weight per day. Water helps no end in the kidney filtering process.
- Keep your weight down – Being overweight (and obesity) stresses your kidneys. The best way to keep weight down is to avoid processed foods and simple carbs, exercise, sleep well, and watch your food intake (restrict calorie intake).
- Exercise – Physical exercise helps all the organs and helps control weight, blood pressure and blood sugars.
- Stress reduction – Find times to relax.
- Avoid substances that are toxic to your kidneys – Avoid alcohol, excessive stimulants and caffeine, cigarette smoking and dehydrating medications. One of the most common culprits is over-the-counter NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) such as aspirin, Motrin, Aleve and Advil.
- Vitamin D3 can be helpful for kidney health and protection.
- Follow an anti-inflammatory diet – The Health-e-Solutions lifestyle is and anti-inflammatory way of eating and living.
- Make sure you are getting enough anti-oxidant and polyphenol rich foods. These help protect your kidneys. Again the Health-e-Solutions lifestyle is loaded with these health-promoting foods.
Our Recipe e-Books provide alternatives to the typical high-carb, low nutrition foods that are standard fare for the typical western diet. Our Home Study Course teaches you how to implement the Health-e-Solutions lifestyle in a practical and livable way. Our support services can make the difference between success and failure during your transformation. And our advanced resources will take you deeper into practical application and underlying research. We think it can form the foundation for a natural, way to better control all types of diabetes.