Specific Intestinal Flora Characterizes Diabetes
Specific Intestinal Flora Characterizes Diabetes – Whether or not you have an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes in the future may be derived from the composition of your intestinal flora. That according to new metagenomics research of an international consortium of scientists, including Jeroen Raes, connected to VIB and Vrije Universiteit Brussel. Metagenomics is the study of the genetic material of complete ecosystems, in this case the human intestine.
Both genetic as well as environmental factors play a role in the development of the disease. Until now, scientists have focused primarily on identifying genetic markers in the human. Recent research has shown that other factors, such as intestinal flora, play a role in the development of type 2 diabetes.
To determine the effect of the intestinal flora on our health, tremendous efforts have been made worldwide in the recent years. In order to assess the billions of flora in and on our bodies (the human microbiome), nowadays the genetic information of all flora are researched together (metagenomics). A recent metagenomics study, where Jeroen Raes provided his contribution, shows that people can be divided into 3 groups based on the flora in the large intestine, the so-called enterotypes.
Intestinal flora study in type 2 diabetes patients
In the present study, Jeroen Raes, Gwen Falony, Shujiro Okuda together with their colleagues from the Beijing Genomics Institute (BGI, Shenzhen, China), have identified certain bacterial genes as markers for type 2 diabetes. Before that, they investigated intestinal samples of 345 Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes.
This study indicates the typical characteristics of the intestinal flora of type 2 diabetes patients. “It’s a typical flora for someone with a mild form of gastroenteritis” says Jeroen Raes. “Now it is also important to include the Western population to see if these markers may be predictors — then the path is open for early diagnostic tests.” Moreover, this microbiome study also serves as a model for future research on markers of other diseases, work already underway at the VIB-lab, including on the basis of the Flemish Intestinal Flora Project.
While we do not like using the “cure” word with lifestyle diseases that can come and go depending upon how well a healthy lifestyle is maintained, we do think “remission” is an appropriate concept for the impact diet and lifestyle can have on type 2 diabetes.
We applaud the research into the effects of gut flora on diabetes. What is left unsaid is how environmental factors can influence intestinal flora. We think sufficient research has linked diet and lifestyle to autoimmune diseases such as type 1 diabetes, to emphasize a plan of care that prioritizes these two factors above medications for long term health and blood sugar management.
Key to successful implementation of the Health-e-Solutions lifestyle is having great-tasting recipes the whole family can enjoy. To that end, we have created several recipe e-books from which to choose the options that best fit your needs.
All of our immediately-downloadable Roman Diet Diabetes recipe e-books options are specially designed for people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes who want to make a healthier diet a priority. Both of our type 1 diabetic boys and our whole family enjoy these delicious #VeryLowGlycemic, low #InsulinDemand recipes with great #BloodSugarControl.